Oral Hygiene

Why is oral hygiene so important?

   Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum disease(periodontal disease) than from cavities. Three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by practicing excellent oral hygiene on a consistent basis.

   Periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque. Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. Plaque constantly forms on your teeth. By thorough daily brushing and flossing you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.

How to Brush

If you have any pain while brushing or have any questions about how to brush properly, please be sure to call the office at (727) 584-7163.

   Dr. Solar recommends using a soft tooth brush. Position the brush at a 45 degree angle where your gums and teeth meet so that the bristles are directed below the gum line. Gently move the brush in a circular motion several times using small, gentle strokes brushing the outside surfaces of your teeth. Use light pressure while putting the bristles between the teeth, but not so much pressure that you feel any discomfort.

  When you are done cleaning the outside surfaces of all your teeth, follow the same directions while cleaning the inside of the back teeth.

   To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically. Make several gentle back-and-forth strokes over each tooth. Don’t forget to gently brush the surrounding gum tissue.

   Next you will clean the biting surfaces of your teeth by using short, gentle strokes. Change the position of the brush as often as necessary to reach and clean all surfaces. Try to watch yourself in the mirror to make sure you clean each surface. Also, remember to brush your tongue or to use a tongue scrapper. After you are done, rinse vigorously to remove any plaque you might have loosened while brushing.

How to Floss

   Periodontal disease usually appears between the teeth where your toothbrush cannot reach. Flossing is a very effective way to remove plaque from those surfaces. However, it is important to develop the proper technique. The following instructions will help you, but remember it takes time and practice.

   Start with a piece of floss about 18 long. Lightly wrap most of the floss around the middle finger of one hand. Wrap the rest of the floss around the middle finger of the other hand.

   To clean the upper teeth, hold the floss tightly between the thumb and forefinger of each hand. Gently insert the floss tightly between the teeth using a back-and-forth motion. Do not force the floss or try to snap it into place. Bring the floss to the gum line then curve it into a C-shape against one tooth. Slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth until you feel light resistance. Move the floss up and down on the side of one tooth. Remember there are two tooth surfaces that need to be cleaned in each space. Continue to floss each side of all the upper teeth. Be careful not to cut the gum tissue between the teeth. As the floss becomes soiled, turn from one finger to the other to get a fresh section.

  To clean between the bottom teeth, guide the floss using the forefingers of both hands. Do not forget the back side of the last tooth on both sides, upper and lower. The goal is to clean at the gum line 360 degrees around the tooth. This requires the combination of brushing and flossing.

  When you are done, rinse vigorously with water to remove plaque and food particles. Do not be alarmed if during the first week of flossing your gums bleed or are a little sore. If your gums hurt while flossing you could be doing it too hard or pinching the gum. As you floss daily and remove the plaque your gums will heal and the bleeding should stop. Healthy gums do not bleed, so if bleeding persists, please contact Dr. Solar.

 

Professional Cleaning

In addition to the brushing and flossing you do at home, an exam and professional cleaning are essential in maintaining your oral health. At this appointment your home care with be evaluated and recommendations will be made if there are areas that you are missing. Also, your teeth will be checked for decay, and you will be screened for gum disease and oral cancer.